Every girl has to accept the fact that she has to deal with periods every month. It’s normal to ask why it happens and the cause when you face them for the first time. Periods happen because of the physique that is unique to women. Women have uterus and ovaries as opposed to the male reproductive system, which include the scrotum, testes and urethra.
How to periods occur?
Every month, a group of eggs begin growing in small sacs called follicles that are filled with fluid. One of the eggs erupts from the follicle causing ovulation. There are two ovaries on either side of the uterus. They connect to the uterus through fallopian tubes. When ovulation occurs, the eggs flow through the tubes, get inside the uterus and swim there, waiting to be fertilized. The womb becomes thick and spongy, preparing itself for a fertilized egg. When fertilization does not happen, the eggs and the cell lining shed away. This shedding comes out in the form of blood through the cervix and vagina. This cycle happens every month, wherein the uterus is waiting for the egg to be fertilized and pregnancy to occur. When this does not happen, the lining is not required, so muscles contract and push it out. Periods last for three to five days and your menstrual cycle is calculated from the first day of period to the first day of the next period. During your periods, hormones are released into the body which is responsible for keeping it healthy.
Heavy bleeding, cramps and how to manage them
It is not unusual for periods to be heavy when you get them for the first time. They can last for more than a week. However if this trend continues for a couple of months it is best to consult a doctor about it. She will give hormone regulating tablets, so that the flow is controlled. This is an issue that many young girls don’t know about and keep mum till it become impossible to deal with the problem. If pads have to be changed every three hours or so and periods continue for more than a week’s time, taking medical advice is important. Such periods can disrupt your normal activities.
Use the right sanitary pads
The first step to managing periods is using the right sanitary pads. If you have normal flow during periods, a normal sized napkin of 230mm or 285mm is fine. However, the pad needs to be changed every six to eight hours, even if the flow is small. If periods are heavy, longer pads which are XXL size or 315mm are most suitable.
You can use them in the night also as they protect the back side and give calm sleep. Those with sensitive, easily irritated skin should use soft pads. It is enough to use pads with dry cover if you have normal skin. It is important to keep your hands clean by washing them before and after changing pads. Pads should also be disposed properly to maintain hygiene.