Period Pain: Why Does It Occur?

Mensuration is a natural process that occurs every month in the life of a mature female. A normal cycle takes around 28-30 days and it may vary according to the body condition of the person. During the process of mensuration, a thick lining will be formed on the wall of the uterus. An egg released by the ovary will travel through the fallopian tube and reach the uterus. If the egg is fertilized by the sperm, it will get attached to the wall of the uterus. If the egg is not fertilized, the hormone level will drop and the brain will signal the uterus to shed the lining. It is during this time that a woman experiences discomfort and pain which may last for a short while or a longer period depending on the body condition. Some women do not experience a lot of pain, but it is not the case with all women.

There are cases of stomach cramps, otherwise known as dysmenorrhea. The reason for the intense pain is mainly because the uterus contracts a lot to shed the lining. In addition to the menstrual pain, women also experience other kinds of discomfort during the menstrual time. Some of them include bloating, mood swings, food cravings, tender breasts, hormonal imbalance, dizziness, irritation, hot flashes, etc. These conditions can be treated with medicines, but in some cases the patients need to consult a doctor. The pain during mensuration is mainly caused by the chemical called ‘prostaglandin’, which is responsible for the contraction of the uterus.

Older women who are diagnosed with endometriosis or uterine fibroids also suffer from dysmenorrhea. Women who have pelvic inflammatory disease also suffer from severe pain. In normal cases, women can take painkillers such as Ibuprofen, Naproxen and Ketoprofen. Before taking medicines, it is a must to consult with a doctor. Certain medicines will cause allergy reactions and hence it is important to avoid self-medication. If the painkillers do not ease the pain, then it is a must that you consult a doctor since prolonged pain may indicate an underlying medical condition. It is a must to check with a doctor if you have irregular/painful periods, bleeding between periods, prolonged bleeding, etc. You must also check with a doctor if you are suffering from other symptoms such as vomiting, nausea, headache, bloodshot eyes, rashes, etc.

Every woman must follow a healthy diet before and after mensuration. Some of the foods to be taken during mensuration include carrots, whole grains, oatmeal, vegetables, legumes, fruits, etc. You can also include green tea as it will not only help remove the toxins, but also relax your muscles. You can also take other kinds of food items such as milk, salmon, banana, papaya, eggs, etc since they are rich in all the essential nutrients. It is also mandatory to avoid foods such as caffeine, fried items, fatty foods, etc. since they will increase the pain. By following a nutritious diet during your mensuration, you can not only reduce the pain, but also stay healthy. So stick to a healthy diet and fight periods pain the natural way!

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