Is bleeding 2-3 days before my periods normal?

Is bleeding 2-3 days before my periods normal?

The creation and evolution is solely dependent on reproduction. In mammals, menstruation denotes the sexual maturity. In humans the female menstruation is considered the ultimatum. As females enjoy the splendor of procreation, they also go through a lot of pain for the same. Also, there are a lot of misconceptions related to menstruation in many regions across the world. The menstruation taboos are being slowly overridden by the scientific communities that have helped people understand many things related to menstruation. A small irregularity can cause a great disconcerting feeling when it comes to menstruation cycles. The reason is the connection between periods, regularity of periods, cancer or other diseases and fertility.

The most commonly asked question is, “Is bleeding 2-3 days before my periods normal?”

The answer to this highly parroted question is, “Yes, it is normal, but conditions apply”. The reason is the menstruation cycle. An ideal menstruation cycle is 28 days. But since this varies from person to person depending on the life style, heredity, etc., a menstruation cycle anywhere between 21 days to 35 days is considered normal. So any bleeding out of this phase, commonly known as spotting, is considered abnormal. But there is more to it than just being an irritant. Depending on the age, menstruation status (i.e. premenopausal, menopausal, and postmenopausal), hormone therapy and the contraception one undergoes, the severity of the spotting can be understood. In worst cases, such as excessive bleeding, prolonged spotting, severe pain with bleeding, etc., it is advised to consult a doctor.

During the menstrual cycle, when one doesn’t plan for conception, the egg that was ready for fertilization dies and tears away the extra epithelium of the uterus and the blood vessels. The cervix opens up slightly to let the impure blood and dead cells. If the cervical muscles are not elastic enough, this process takes 2-3 days before it can properly bleed. This is when a spotting is noticed. There are several types of vaginal discharge, varying in color, smell and consistency. Red, brown, pink, bloody foul smelling secretion, spotting with puss, all could be an early indication of an underlying disease.

Causes: As intelligent humans, the way we have interfered with the natural phenomenon of body with poor quality of life, extensive use of drugs, etc., has resulted in a great diseases and discomfort to the body. A few possible causes for spotting could be:

  • Hormonal imbalance

  • Hormonal contraceptives

  • IUDs (Intrauterine Devices) for contraception

  • Stress/Diabetes (rare cases)

  • Injury in the vagina due to sex

  • Vaginal dryness (being allergic to anticoagulants)

  • A recent miscarriage/abortion

  • Implantation (This is accompanied by other symptoms of pregnancy)

  • Infection (ex. Chlamydia)

  • Complications in Pregnancy

  • Diseases like Cancer (Less common), sexually transmitted diseases, cervical erosion, ulcerous cervix, ovarian dysfunction, polyps, fibroids, cervicitis, endometritis, etc. These can be determined with the color and consistency of the discharge.

Though the causes seem frightening, all of the above can be treated. To have a better health, it is imperative to maintain healthy life style, healthy food habits and managing stress better. This can save a lot of money and worry.

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